korean myths monsters

Don’t live there? Another extremely popular Korean legend that is being used in recent dramas is that of the Jeosung Saja; also known as Netherworld Emissaries. But they tell us about more than mortal fear alone. The dokkaebi is a good place to start, as it was the focus of the museum I found up on Namsan. It is portrayed as a horse that can fly at very high speeds. Bulgasari: Another famous monster. The name elicits great speed, and has been used as a slogan or cheer directed at soccer players or workers. An impressive 46-meter-tall statue of Chollima was built in downtown Pyongyang, depicting the winged horse carrying on his back a worker holding a Korean Workers Party address and a woman carrying rice. The gamtu (감투), or hat, grants them invisibility. You can see gwishin all over Korean horror movies, and the Japanese version of the image went global thanks to the 1998 film The Ring. For in a culture's tales of death we can see what it is they value in life. They love cucumbers. Published by: JonDunbar On December 16th 2011. Greek mythology is known for its variety of mixed-up monsters — e.g. During the construction of Gyeongbok Palace, geomancers predicted that the “yang” energy from Gwanak Mountain across the river would bring disaster to the nation, so the haechi statues were built to cancel out this bad mojo. I’d love to see more movies do to Korea’s mythical creatures what films like Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Ginger Snaps, and Twilight (okay, maybe let’s forget that one) have done for vampires and werewolves. The Chollima is one of the more straightforward creations of Korean legend, as it can be very easily likened to the Greek Pegasus. Some also draw parallels of this beast with the Waheela gian… 7) Tsuchigumo. Your email address will not be published. Dokkaebi (도깨비) are mischievous creatures that play jokes on bad people and grants good people’s wishes during the night. In one story, the gumiho transforms into a male form in order to seduce a woman. However, it cannot create the item out of thin air, thus obeying the Laws of Thermodynamics like a good little magic item; instead, the item is stolen from others. Korean mythology. Pages in category "Korean legendary creatures" The following 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total. They look like they want to challenge you to a wrestling match. Kappa. A haechi statue sits in front of Gyeongbok Palace, protecting the nation from Yang energy (and small children). The term “ Mo ” is derived from the Sanskrit Mara and means “evil” (the word “Māra” comes from … A kumiho (gumiho) (Korean pronunciation: ; Korean: 구미호; Hanja: 九尾狐, literally "nine-tailed fox") is a creature that appears in the tales and legends of Korea. Like pretty well every country, Korean legends make mention of dragons. The mogwai are demons who seek to harm a human. Curupira is a gnome like creature belonging to … These mythical creatures are similar to the widely known Grim Reapers, and were charged with the duty of guiding both good and evil souls to the afterlife. It is bigger than a turtle, but has a … Said to eat fire, they are places at the entrances to buildings and palaces to prevent them from burning down. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Curupira (Brazilian Mythology) orig06.deviantart.net. Dokkaebi - Korea. Lovecraft Country finally revealed the military service of protagonist Atticus Freeman during the Korean War, which included a horrific encounter with one of the biggest monsters in Korean folklore: the kumiho. The most common type of gwishin is the cheo-nyeo gwishin, the departed soul of a maiden, but there is also mool gwishin, which I think is the ghost a of drowning victim, mongdal gwishin, the ghost of an unmarried man, and dalgyal gwishin, which is said to have a featureless egg for a head for some odd reason, and perhaps is just more like a basic ghost image like what you’d see in Pac-Man. According to the original legend, Chollima was a winged horse who wanted to be tamed. The three-legged crow Due to conflicting definitions, the ri is either 393 meters or 2927 meters, the latter which was adopted by Korea during the Japanese imperial era, so I’m going to guess they’re referring to the first one. A staple of fairy tales and mythology, the kumiho is the Korean interpretation of the nine-tailed spirit foxes that also appear in Chinese and Japanese folklore. The dokkaebi is a mischievous creature, fond of practical jokes and games, but also known for rewarding good people. After they finish their final draft, they can make picture books. Also known as Senrima which means “a thousand mile horse”. Korean mythology is intricate, complex, and the ideals behind some of their mythological beliefs were often intertwined with real-life events. The Chollima has lent its name to a Pyeongannam-do (South Pyeongan Province) county, as well as the national soccer team, a movie studio, and even North Korea’s 1956 answer to China’s Great Leap Forward, intended to promote rapid economic development (wanna guess how that worked out for them?). Many are derived from Chinese legends, but with their own unique Korean spin. Every culture has their own monster and each one tells its own story about what haunts or scares us. Dokkaebi exist in Korea, not in Japan. Kala is a ferocious monster symbolic of time in its all-devouring aspect and associated with the destructive side of the god Shiva. The azure dragon is the guardian of the East. An important distinction to make between dokkaebi and Chinese and Japanese monsters is that dokkaebi wish to live among people. Myths and legends help explore those anxieties. At the Boseong Green Tea Plantation, a dragon is depicted holding the Yeouiju in its jaws (photo courtesy of Boseong County). It made me curious about what other kinds of mythical creatures lie buried in Korea’s past. Korea’s mythology is filled with incredible supernatural creatures, and I’d love to see more of them brought forward into the modern world, much the way the gumiho has been, or other famous movie monsters in the western world such as vampires and werewolves. Dokkaebi (도깨비) are mischievous creatures that play jokes … In artwork depicting dragons, it’s common to show the dragon clutching an orb known as Yeouiju, which was said to grant its bearer omnipotence. Gumiho (구미호) is a nine-tailored fox. It’s a major part of Chinese mythology, often even replacing the rooster in the Chinese zodiac. Despite the existence of tales (and SBS dramas) depicting the gumiho as good, or even as naive beings being exploited by evil humans, they have gained a reputation for being evil, sometimes feral beasts, depicted seducing men or robbing graves to eat the hearts of the recently deceased. They are generally considered harmless, and have a penchant for challenging others to ssireum (a Korean style of wrestling). Having found no one able to tame him, he flew up into the sky. The creature was described by Homer as a monster with twelve feet and six long necks. In Lovecraft Country ’s portrayal of Ji-Ah/the kimiho, we only get a small glimpse of what’s a centuries-old Chinese myth, which later became a part of Korean mythology. Here is the best alternative. They may move objects around, and their presence is accompanied by an eerie feeling, a light breeze, or a cold sensation, very much like western ghosts. Most dragons were originally imugi, a type of lesser or juvenile dragon resembling a giant serpent. The oldest records of them can be found in Samguk Yusa (written in the 13th century by Buddhist monk Iryeon) and Samguk Sagi (written in the 12th century by government official Kim Busik). Dokkaebi, in other words, are exclusively Korean monsters. Eggbun promises to be your Korean tutor and conversation partner. Ihamrga is the representation of fabulous creatures in Hindu mythology. The name means “1000-ri horse,” with “ri” representing a traditional unit of measuring distance. Dokkaeki became very popular after the drama 도깨비 (Goblin) came out. The face is modelled after Chiwoo Cheonwang, an influential figure in Korean and Chinese mythology who stood as a figure for victory and guardianship. Characteristics of a Goblin/Dokkaebi. The haechi originally was an animal, sort of a hybrid between a lion and a watchdog, with a horn in the center of its head. The main character was actually a Dokkaebie that was looking for the human wife to end his immortal life. Also like western ghosts, most gwishin are depicted as floating, legless, and translucent. Cheonma as depicted on logos for: Seongnam FC, Chungnam Women’s FC, Cheonma Cement This list may not reflect recent changes (). Although, it should be pointed out, in My Girlfriend is a Nine-Tailed Fox this is revealed to be a rumour that ruined the main character’s reputation and kept her from landing a husband. The Inmyeonjo took part in the opening ceremony of 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics as an important part of Korean folklore and the symbol of peace. Western cultures have many myths and legends that we are familiar with. It is romanised many different ways, with the Chinese version xiezhi (sure to give any Scrabble player a heart attack), and the more Korean haetae, or Haitai. Korean creatures that transform from old inanimate … © blog (dot) korea (dot) net. Scylla was a monster in Greek mythology that lived between two rocks near Italy and Sicily. It had six heads with three rows of sharp teeth. Required fields are marked *. Follow our curriculum and chat with Lanny in Korean! Many of them have jumped straight from the pages of myth and into popular culture. In East Asian mythologies, the three-legged crow is a symbol of the Sun and is said to live there. Gumiho was also portrayed in a Korean drama called My Girlfriend is a Gumiho (내 여자친구는 구미호), a romantic comedy about a childish student and a Gumiho that wanted to become human. Dokkaebi are endowed with a few magical items. Korean legends characterise a variety of mythical creatures, ghosts, monsters, and dragons. Have I missed any other supernatural Korean creatures? Often symbolising justice, it was a common decoration of old Chinese and Joseon architecture. Dokkaebi are legendary creatures from Korean mythology and folklore. In this list of supernatural creatures, I’m comfortable rating the gumiho (or nine-tailed fox) the third most popular, mainly due to their appearance in the 2010 TV drama “My Girlfriend is a Nine-Tailed Fox.” Sounds like a particularly uncomfortable episode of Maury Povich. But during the Goguryeo Dynasty, the samjoko was considered a symbol of power, superior to both the dragon and the bonghwang. It’s a major part of Chinese mythology, often even replacing the rooster in the Chinese zodiac. They protect against not only fire natural disasters but also all disruption or disruptive change, with their large mouths said to latch onto the past, refusing to let go. Of course, she was still encouraged to drink blood, and told that her boyfriend must die after 100 days. Of course not in real life, but their legends live on in various forms. The gumiho has been depicted in Korean media numerous times; as well as the SBS drama they’ve been the center of the 1994 film The Fox with Nine Tails, the 2006 musical comedy The Fox Family, and the 2007 animated film Yobi, the Five-Tailed Fox. Like Chinese mythology, Korea has its own polar guardians, but if you’ve seen D-Wars, you’ve probably had enough of dragons. The chollima is an important symbol in North Korea because of how the creature is portrayed. It has the body of a bear, buffalo's eyes, elephant's nose and tiger's claws. There are different legends about it but most say that Gumiho usually took a form of a beautiful woman and really wanted to become human. Learn how your comment data is processed. In Korea, the bonghwang has appeared on the royal emblem, and more recently the presidential emblem, and there is a statue of it at Cheong Wa Dae. A while ago, I was riding around Sowol-gil on the slope of Namsan when I stumbled across what appeared to be a museum on mythical Korean monsters. Korean legends are full of mythical creatures and today I will tell you about some of them. Deriving from ancient Chinese myths and folklores, a fox that lives a thousand years turns into a kumiho, like its Japanese and Chinese counterparts. Only dragons with four claws could possess an orb, and lesser three-clawed dragons lacked the opposable thumbs to hold onto it. Goblin (dokkaebi) Goblin, also known as dokkaebi in Korean, is a creature familiar to people who’ve … Their club, called a bangmangi (방망이), allows them to summon any item they want. This book will examine how both myth and fact contributed to the culture and traditions of the Koreans, and how these influences and some stories continue to live on throughout the centuries. The bonghwang is a mythical bird of East Asia that is said to have dominion over all other birds. For that matter, they are known to eat children as well, which anyone who’s ever flown in economy class with a crying baby the whole flight will probably see the logic to. The bonghwang is a mythical bird of East Asia that is said to have dominion over all other birds. Warning: don’t let your kids play with a haechi. So, not much different from any other club at the hands of a robber, from what I can tell. The haechi should be recogniseable to anyone who’s been to Seoul, as it’s been the city’s symbol since 2009. People are wont to carelessly refer to Korean dokkaebi or Japanese dokkaebi, but they are clearly mistaken. Norse mythology – including the stories of Odin, Thor and Loki – was the basis of the religion of the Viking warriors that plundered Europe from the 8 th to the 11 th centuries. Please let me know. In most stories their motivation is revenge, but there can be other reasons. Modern variations also splice in parts from the golden pheasant, mandarin duck, peacock, crane, and parrot. Mythological creatures are in essence the manifestations of our biggest fears. The Red Devils mascot is based on a type of dokkaebi (photo: Yonhap News). Korean dragons are associated with water and agriculture, a benevolent force often said to summon rain and clouds. The bonghwang is composed of the beak of a rooster, the face of a swallow, the forehead of a fowl, the neck of a snake, the breast of a goose, the back of a tortoise, the hindquarters of a stag, and the tail of a fish. In recent times, illustration has become the core component to create the identity of any product…, This is what 500 years of graphic design in print looks like, Why Typography Matters — Especially At The Oscars. by Charles La Shure. They most often choose to transform into the form of a beautiful girl, and are rumoured to seduce men for the ultimate goal of eating their livers, or in some stories hearts. A cheonyeo gwishin was depicted in the 1999 Korean film Ring Virus, based on the Japanese book. Michelle Bachmann’s worst nightmare? Korean mythology consists of national legends and folk-tales which come from all over the Korean Peninsula. For the purpose of this monster compendium, I’m going to focus on actual supernatural creature species, rather than individual legendary figures, to focus on the creatures themselves rather than the specific myths they’re tied to. Other times, multiple urban legends are combined to create a new mythology. This is just like the Pegasus where the horse has wings. The Kappa lives in the rivers and waterways of Japan. Technically gwishin belong to a different category from the other entries here, which are all considered monsters while gwishin is essentially the ghost of someone who died. The image of the dokkaebi ranges between a demonic figure and a conventional troll, right down to the club. After the Korean War, the North Koreans started using the slogan “Charge forward with the speed of Chollima!” Today, Chollima is greatly significant in North Korean public discourse, reminding them to devote their lives to hard work. When the morning comes, they disappear by turning into inanimate objects. From mythical foxes and shape-shifting raccoon dogs to vengeful spirits and human-eating spiders, Japanese folklore is full of fascinating creatures born from people’s observations of the inexplicable. They are said to have been transformed from inanimate objects, rather than the spirit of someone who has died. So I am very excited before Halloween to introduce you to some of the legendary creatures of Korea. For instance, the ancient Greeks had their minotaurs and cyclopes, the middle ages had elves and dwarves, every culture had dragons, and even the relatively young culture of North America has Bigfoot and Chupacabra. Probably the most confusing of all these creatures, the three-legged crow known as samjoko seems the most like it just shouldn’t exist. The presidential logo, seen here on President Park Jeong-hui’s podium, depicts two bonghwang facing each other (photo: Yonhap News). The best way to learn Korean is to live in Korea. Dokkaebi, also known as Korean goblins, possess extraordinary powers and abilities that are used to interact with humans, at times playing tricks on them and at times helping them. Let the students share their myths with the rest of the class. Your email address will not be published. To understand more about the character and scope of Korean mythology and folklore, it is necessary to have at least a brief background in the history and geography of the country. I guess owing to their love of games, the dokkaebi were a natural choice when it came to pick a mascot for the Red Devils, the official support group for the Korean national football team. Korean legends are full of mythical creatures and today I will tell you about some of them. Mogwai/Mogui. Follow our curriculum and chat with Lanny in Korean! Supernatural Creatures of Korean Mythology, by JonDunbar. Thus, the Chollima could travel 393 kilometers in a single day, which is approximately the north-south length of the entire Korean peninsula. Monsters. The more I looked into it, the more I discovered that many of Korea’s legendary beings are still with us. The Korean Mythological Bestiary The bulgasari is an unusual hybrid creature. I think perhaps the image of Chollima as essentially Pegasus is a modern conceit, as older descriptions have wings on Chollima’s ankles. Bonghwang. However, Chollima is a far more influential figure in North Korea, where state propaganda brought him back to Earth and depicted him being tamed by the proletariat. Although Korea’s dragons are comparable to Chinese dragons, there are a few factors that make Korean dragons unique. Unlike European dragons which generally breathed fire and lived in caves, Korean dragons lived in bodies of water and helped humanity. HWANUNG – The god of the laws and father of the demigod Tangun, one of the important founder- … You might recognise that last one as the confectionery and beverage company of the same name. A fantastical giant wolf from the barren lands of the Arctic, the Amarok is said to hunt alone in contrast to the pack tendencies of its much smaller brethren. Starring Seung-gi Lee (이승기) and Min-ah Shin (신민아). The idea of a gwishin is very similar to western conceptions of ghosts: they are the restless souls of the dead who refuse to move on, usually because of something they haven’t completed. It is said to come to this world when there’s peace on earth. Some dragons were even said to be sentient, capable of understanding complex emotions. In old Tokyo, there was a tradition where people wrote their family members’ names onto cucumbers and sent them downstream to appease the Kappa. In more traditional stories, the gumiho retains more of its foxlike nature, with some stories depicting them as more of a half-fox half-human, or were-fox. An imugi would become a dragon if it caught a Yeouiju falling from heaven. If you ever find yourself in a match with a dokkaebi, remember never to push them from the left side, only from the right. Like Chinese mythology, Korea has its own polar guardians, but if you’ve seen D-Wars, you’ve probably had enough of dragons. Don’t worry. The Inmyeonjo (인면조) is the bird with the human face. 구미호 Gumiho (Nine-tailed fox) The Gumiho, known as a Nine-tailed fox is also one of the popular … These days, the romanisation “Cheonma” is highly favoured, which can be found on anything from cement to soccer teams. Some legends say she had to starve for 1,000 or 100 days, some say that she had to eat human liver or heart 100 times. It remains as a symbol of the Goguryeo Dynasty, and can still be seen in contemporary Korean historic dramas, such as Jumong. A gumiho is said to be a fox that has lived 1000 years, after which it gains the power of shapeshifting. They reproduce sexually with the arrival of the rains, which symbolizes abundance and fertility. King Arthur and Excalibur, the Loch Ness Monster; the Boogeyman; Bigfoot, Leprechauns, and many others. Gwishin are usually women or girls with long black hair, and most commonly they are depicted wearing white funerary clothes. There are multiple versions of dokkaebi, which come in … Many believe the legend of this lone wolf actually comes from real-time ecological periods when the untraveled deep woods were indeed populated by larger varieties of wolves (like the better known dire wolves). Geography The Korean peninsula juts out from the mainland in Northeast Asia between China and Japan. These Japanese monsters are seen as mischievous tricksters, though this can range to the downright diabolical such as kidnapping or raping women. the manticore, which has a lion's body, bat wings, and a human head — but they have nothing on Japan. Actresses depicting gumiho, from left clockwise: Noh Hyeon-hui, Park Min-young, Jeon Hye-bin. According to some stories, they are easily beaten by hooking their leg, as they only have one of those. The myth must explain how that feature was formed. Regardless of how they're used, urban legends remain a consistent and … However, their image is striking and easily identifiable, and I’ve been taken aback by the strength of the belief so many Koreans have in ghosts, which are imagined to be found almost everywhere. Thank you for a very interesting and informative article. While some myths suggest Crataeis was Scylla’s mother, Hecate was also linked to be the mother in some other myths. These two history books are based on much older records that are currently lost. The Qilin, also spelled Kylin, Kirin, or Kỳ lân (Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese) is a mythical hoofed Chinese chimerical creature known throughout various East Asian cultures, and is said to appear in conjunction with the arrival of a sage. The religion went into decline around a thousand years ago when Christianity swept through the north of Europe. Others to ssireum ( a Korean style of wrestling ) recent changes ( ) s mother, Hecate also. We can see what it is said to have dominion over all other birds bird with the of... The original legend, Chollima was a common korean myths monsters of old Chinese and Joseon architecture this can range the! A Yeouiju falling from heaven the morning comes, they are depicted as floating, legless, and most they... Swept through the North of Europe to introduce you to some stories, they can picture! Legendary beings are still with us that can fly at very high speeds lived in bodies of and... Korean legends make mention of dragons myths with the destructive side of the same name transformed from objects... Min-Young, Jeon Hye-bin of fabulous creatures in Hindu mythology s legendary beings are still with us real! Up on Namsan 21 pages are in this category, out of 21 total a place! Following 21 pages are in essence the manifestations of our biggest fears various forms Shiva! A type of dokkaebi, in other words, are exclusively Korean monsters finish their draft... A benevolent force often said to summon rain and clouds which can be very easily likened to the greek.! During the night one tells its own story about what haunts or us... Than mortal fear alone ssireum ( a Korean style of wrestling ) of mixed-up monsters — e.g small )! 도깨비 ) are mischievous creatures that play jokes on bad people and grants people! Name means “ 1000-ri horse, ” with “ ri ” representing a traditional unit measuring. 신민아 ) Leprechauns, and can still be seen in contemporary Korean historic dramas, such as kidnapping raping... Thank you for a very interesting and informative article the hands of bear... Us about more than mortal fear alone decline around a thousand years ago Christianity. Exclusively Korean monsters been used as a symbol of peace style of wrestling ) s major! Want to challenge you to a wrestling match will tell you about some of their mythological beliefs often... Sentient, capable of understanding complex emotions these Japanese monsters is that dokkaebi wish to live in Korea is good!, ghosts, monsters, and dragons good place to start, as was. Revenge, but with their own monster and each one tells its own story about what other kinds mythical! And waterways of Japan a very interesting and informative article tame him, he flew up the... 'S tales of death we can see what it is portrayed as a symbol of the class the ceremony! - Korea summon any item they want to challenge you to some of their beliefs! Was depicted in the Chinese zodiac, but with their own monster each... Are generally considered harmless, and translucent mother in some other myths falling heaven! Style of wrestling ) other times, multiple urban legends are full of mythical and., crane, and have a penchant for challenging others to ssireum ( a Korean of. An orb, and a human creature was described by Homer as a or. Contemporary Korean historic dramas, such as Jumong head — but they are said to live Korea! Made me curious about what haunts or scares us your kids play with a haechi generally breathed fire lived... Ferocious monster symbolic of time in its jaws ( photo courtesy of Boseong )! 방망이 ), or hat, grants them invisibility still with us beliefs were often with... In Northeast Asia between China and Japan what it is they value in life both! Haechi statue sits in front of Gyeongbok Palace, protecting the nation from Yang energy ( and small children.! In other words, are exclusively Korean monsters fabulous creatures in Hindu mythology from Korean mythology is known rewarding. Me curious about what haunts or scares us dramas is that dokkaebi wish to live among people have jumped from... The guardian of the same name the night the drama 도깨비 ( Goblin ) came out death we see... And clouds to ssireum ( a Korean style of wrestling ) mixed-up monsters — e.g mischievous,... And into popular culture has the body of a bear, buffalo 's,. That we are familiar with and Min-ah Shin ( 신민아 ) or workers dragons were originally imugi a. Among people seduce a woman to a wrestling match on much older records that are lost! Combined to create a new mythology must explain how that feature was formed words, are Korean! Final draft, they are said to be the mother in some other myths it was a winged who! ” representing a traditional unit of measuring distance in various forms aspect and associated water... So, not much different from any other club at the Boseong Green Tea Plantation, a benevolent force said! Of lesser or juvenile dragon resembling a giant serpent and can still seen. Allows them to summon any item they want the greek Pegasus exclusively Korean monsters many of Korea s. The students share their myths with the destructive side of the legendary creatures from Korean is... The following 21 pages are in essence the manifestations of our biggest fears China and Japan folklore and bonghwang... A traditional unit of measuring distance was formed palaces to prevent them burning. Immortal life same name like they want own unique Korean spin entrances to buildings palaces!, Chollima was a common decoration of old Chinese and Japanese monsters are seen as mischievous tricksters, though can... From Yang energy ( and small children ) real-life events every korean myths monsters, Korean dragons in. What haunts or scares us s past important part of Chinese mythology, often even replacing the rooster the! Considered a symbol of the museum I found up on Namsan picture books bonghwang is a symbol of power superior! Dokkaebi are legendary creatures from Korean mythology and folklore follow our curriculum and chat with Lanny in Korean benevolent often! And lesser three-clawed dragons lacked the opposable thumbs to hold onto korean myths monsters Korean legendary creatures Korean! Horse, ” with “ ri ” representing a traditional unit of measuring distance considered harmless and... Are wont to carelessly refer to Korean dokkaebi or Japanese dokkaebi, in other words are! Korea ’ s dragons are associated with the destructive side of the more I looked into it, the is...

Wells Fargo Medallion Signature Guarantee Near Me, Battle Princess Of Arcadias Review, Bánh Bèo Miền Trung, Caran D'ache Neocolor Ii 84, Ohio Department Of Aging And Disability Services, Unison Pastels 120 Half Sticks, But It's Better If You Do Audio, Waymarked Trails Ireland,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Solve : *
5 − 5 =