The Oldest Dog Breeds in the World

Around the world, there are hundreds of dog breeds. Many of them have been with us for thousands of years. In each of the continents, we find copies that during their existence have been used for different tasks. Some of them, such as the greyhound, were and continue to be used for hunting. Others, such as the Xoloitzcuintli, were an excellent menu for some Mesoamerican peoples.

Regardless of their use, over the centuries, these animals were domesticated and became man’s best friends. Next, we share what are the oldest dog breeds. Let’s meet them!


Greyhound dogs are one of the oldest. Represented in the days of the Greeks, Egyptians, and Romans, they also became very popular among the English nobility. They are famous for their ability to run at high speed. In the nineteenth century, they became popular for their skill chasing rabbits and then, already in the twentieth century, running races. Sensitive, independent and well educated, greyhounds are generally very calm and well-behaved animals.


Also known as the “Russian Wolfhound,” the Borzois were raised by the Russian aristocracy to hunt wolves in very cold climates. This type of breed was first documented in the year 1600. They became popular during the Russian Revolution and are characterized by being calm companions and of very good character in the home.


The origin of the Saluki breed dog dates back to the beginning of ancient Egypt, where it was used by nomads in the desert to hunt foxes, hares, and gazelles. This funny breed is known for its endurance and strength, which allows them to hunt in deep sand or rocky terrain. Sensitive and very good companions with children, they are very playful and love being with their owners.

Also known as the “Mexican hairless dog,” the Xoloitzcuintli or Xolo is a breed that is estimated to be 3,500 years old, highly prized during the Mexican or Aztec Empire. It was thought to be extinct. However, in the 1950s they became popular again. The Xolos are a very calm and intelligent breed, they are appreciated as companion and guard dogs and respond very well to gentle and consistent training. Although the breed is known for its baldness, they are born with a light coat of hair.

Carolina dog

Also known as American dingo, it is believed that Carolina’s dog is a descendant of the breeds that may have been crossed in the Bering Strait more than 8,000 years ago. Due to its origins, as a nomadic race, this type of specimen is quiet, reserved and can be somewhat shy with strangers. They excel in obedience and agility training.

The singing dog of New Guinea

The New Guinea singing dog is one of the rarest breeds in the world. Its origins are closely related to the wild dog. Independent and elegant, this type of dog has a complex bark, which includes a variety of howls, screams, and groans. It is rare in the home and, in general, is not recommended for families. Some say, however, that with proper socialization you can live with humans.

Pharaohs dog

The pharaoh’s dog or pharaonic podenco is one of the oldest breeds. Some claim that it is over 5,000 years old. With characteristics similar to dogs that are portrayed in Egyptian and Greek art, it is a medium-sized specimen with a thin, long body and a short hair coat, which is usually brown or brown. They are expert hunters and were raised to hunt rabbits in Malta, Greece and North Africa.


Sometimes known as a Congo terrier or Zande, he was developed as a hunter and a watchdog in the tribes of Africa. It is believed that the pharaohs of Egypt possessed the first Basenjis. This type of animal is characterized by being an intelligent, independent breed, whose temperament may be similar to that of a cat. It was introduced in England in the 1930s and later became popular in the United States. It is a generally calm specimen but, sometimes, it can make a very particular sound that seems as if it is screaming.

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